Volume 42, Issue 3 p. 212-225

Low- and high-achieving Australian secondary school students: Their parenting, motivations and academic achievement

Dr. HELEN JOANNA BOON

Corresponding Author

Dr. HELEN JOANNA BOON

Department of Education, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia

James Cook University, Education, Western Campus, Townsville, Qld, 4811, Australia[email protected]Search for more papers by this author
First published: 02 February 2011
Citations: 49

Abstract

The achievement goals and parenting of a sample of 879 grade 8 – 10 Australian students were examined to distinguish differences between low- and high-achieving students. Structural equation modelling was used to test a theoretical model linking parental warmth and strictness/supervision via mastery goals, self-efficacy, and self-handicapping to achievement. Results validated and extended previous findings concerning achievement goal theory, self-efficacy, self-handicapping and parenting style, supporting the role of self-efficacy in mediating the effects of parental style through a mastery goal orientation to achievement. Low achievement was significantly linked to neglectful parenting perceptions, higher self-handicapping and lower mastery goals and self-efficacy. An authoritative parenting style was found to predict higher achievement via enhanced mastery goals and self-efficacy while protecting against self-handicapping.